Non-Stimulant ADHD Medications and Descriptions

A number of medications are available for the treatment of ADHD; some are stimulants and others are non-stimulants. What’s the difference in these medications?

Stimulants increase alertness, energy, and attention levels. They also increase heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration. You know these medications by names such as Adderall and Ritalin.

Non-stimulant medications, on the other hand, do not increase blood pressure, heart rate, or respirations. Instead, they work by increasing the production of norepinephrine, a chemical produced in the brain. Non-stimulant medications tend to have a longer-lasting effect, making them a good alternative for those with ADHD.

Non-Stimulant ADHD Medications

STRATTERA (ATOMOXETINE)

Strattera is FDA approved for ADHD in adults and children over 6 years of age. The doses range from 10mg to 100 mg. Strattera is a selective norephinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) and comes with several advantages, such as:

Disadvantages:

INTUNIV (GUANFACINE)

Intuniv is another FDA-approved ADHD medication for children between the ages of 6 and 17. It can be taken alone or in conjunction with stimulant medications. It works as a centrally acting, selective alpha-2 adrenergic agonist and is also used off-label in adults.

Advantages:

Disadvantages:

There are also “off-label” non-stimulant ADHD medications that have not been approved by the FDA, such as:

As always please feel free to reach out to us at 919-636-5240 or email us at office@cognitive-psychiatry.com.

Live Mentally Healthy,
Dr. Jennie Byrne

Author
Dr. Jennie Byrne, M.D., PhD. With over 15 years of medical expertise, Jennie Byrne, MD, PhD, is a board-certified psychiatrist with experience treating mental health conditions in adults, including dementia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety, and depression. After practicing in New York City for 12 years, Dr. Byrne relocated to North Carolina in 2008; she currently cares for patients in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, at Cognitive Psychiatry of Chapel Hill. Dr. Byrne earned her bachelor’s degree at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. She then received her doctorate from New York University Department of Neurophysiology. She also has a doctorate of medicine from New York University School of Medicine. Dr. Byrne went on to complete a psychiatry residency at Mt. Sinai School of Medicine in New York. In addition to her work as a psychiatrist, Dr. Byrne has performed extensive research on attention, memory, and depression. As a board-certified adult psychiatrist, Dr. Byrne focuses on the needs of each patient to pro

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