Non-Stimulant ADHD Medications and Descriptions

A number of medications are available for the treatment of ADHD; some are stimulants and others are non-stimulants. What’s the difference in these medications?

Stimulants increase alertness, energy, and attention levels. They also increase heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration. You know these medications by names such as Adderall and Ritalin.

Non-stimulant medications, on the other hand, do not increase blood pressure, heart rate, or respirations. Instead, they work by increasing the production of norepinephrine, a chemical produced in the brain. Non-stimulant medications tend to have a longer-lasting effect, making them a good alternative for those with ADHD.

Non-Stimulant ADHD Medications

STRATTERA (ATOMOXETINE)

Strattera is FDA approved for ADHD in adults and children over 6 years of age. The doses range from 10mg to 100 mg. Strattera is a selective norephinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) and comes with several advantages, such as:

Disadvantages:

INTUNIV (GUANFACINE)

Intuniv is another FDA-approved ADHD medication for children between the ages of 6 and 17. It can be taken alone or in conjunction with stimulant medications. It works as a centrally acting, selective alpha-2 adrenergic agonist and is also used off-label in adults.

Advantages:

Disadvantages:

There are also “off-label” non-stimulant ADHD medications that have not been approved by the FDA, such as:

As always please feel free to reach out to us at 919-636-5240 or email us at office@cognitive-psychiatry.com.

Live Mentally Healthy,
Dr. Jennie Byrne

Author
Dr. Jennie Byrne, M.D., PhD.

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